the North and South
Population: North had 22 million residents compared to the South’s 9 million of which 3.5 million
Economic: North controlled more than 85% of the nations industry, Allowed the north to produce military
supplies more quickly
Transportation: because the North had over twice as many railroad tracks as the south they were able
to more easily move troops and supplies
Naval Superiority: Most U.S. Navy forces remained loyal to the Union forcing the Confederate Army to
build a new navy from scratch.
Defensive War: The Confederacy’s only objective was to defend it territory until the Union tired
of the struggle.
Military Leadership: Most Southern victories would result from the brilliant military
leadership in the South. Many of these men were from Virginia and they stayed loyal to their state when they seceded, Including
Robert E. Lee, Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, Jeb Stuart, and James Longstreet.