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Friars U.S. History
Mobilizing for the War
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whos who
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Hoover tries to help
The New Deal for America
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Evaluating the New Deal
Whos Who WWII
The Rise of Hitler
The Government of Hitler/The Fighting begins
Mobilizing for the War
Poster Analysis
Victory in Europe
The End....aren't you glad!?

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U.S. Advantages and Disadvantages

1. Upon entering the war the U.S. faced two disadvantages, the first Germany and Japan had already secured the areas they had invaded, and the Germans and Japanese were already prepared to fight the war as their economies from the thirties were directed in a war effort.

2. The advantage the allies had was the fact that the axis powers were spread over enormous areas, which made them somewhat hard to defend. Their hopes rested on two things:

            a. the large size of the Russian Army

            b. the tremendous production capacity of the United States

Mobilizing for the War

1.      1940 approximately 22,000 people employed by the federal arsenals, 1943 486,000 workers employed building guns and ammunition.

2.      Car production was stopped, in an effort to put all American resources toward fighting the war.            

a.      The massive economic boom permanently put an end to the great depression

b.      Unemployment dropped from 14.6 percent in 1940 to 1.2 percent in 1944

3.      Between 1940 and 1945 the size of the federal government nearly tripled

a.      The War Production Board directed the conversion of existing factories to wartime production

b.      The office of war mobilization coordinated all government agencies in the war effort

4.      To help pay for the war the government increased the number of people that had to pay for income tax about 9 times, which included the middle and lower income groups

5.      The government sold war bond to help the war effort and keep inflation down

6.      Established the Office of Price Administration, which set maximum prices on consumer goods, the OPA also kept wages down and rationed important war materials

7.      The selective training and service act  required all national guard be called up to active duty and provided for the first peacetime draft in U.S. history

a.      About 2/3 of all Americans that served in WWII were draftees and the rest were volunteers.

b.      Women also volunteered for the service doing such things as nursing, driving vehicles and ferried planes in order to free men for active duty. 

 

 

 

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