The First Shots
The newly formed Confederacy met little resistance taking over many federal forts, mints.
And arsenals within its borders.
Fort Sumter was one federal fort that did not fall early to the Confederacy
Fort Sumter was a very important location to both the North and South as it sat in the harbor
or Charleston South Carolina, and you could control all traffic in and out of the harbor.
In early March 1861 commander of Fort Sumter Major Robert Anderson sent word to Washington
that he was nearly out of supplies and would soon fall without reinforcements
Lincoln hesitated because most of the 8 slave states that remained in the Union threatened
to leave if Lincoln used force against the Confederacy
Lincoln decided to resupply the fort, but not send troops and arms
Lincoln sent word of his intentions to the Governor of South Carolina, who notified Confederate
General P.G.T Beauregard
Beauregard ordered Major Anderson to immediately evacuate the fort, Anderson refused
April 12 Confederate forces opened fire on
Fort was bombed for 36 straight hours
April 13th Anderson finally surrendered
with the fort ablaze and his ammunitions supplies low
April 15 Lincoln publically announces that the rebellion is ‘to powerful to be suppressed
by the ordinary course of judicial proceedings”
He asks for the states to provide him with 75,000 soldiers for three months to put down