Prelude to the Mexican War
- 1837 U.S. recognized the Independence of Texas.
- 1844 James K. Polk win the presidency with the Promise of bringing Texas and California
into the Union.
- 1845 Texas becomes a State
- Mexico begins a military build-up requesting volunteers.
- U.S. sends troops to the border and Naval forces to the Gulf of Mexico.
- Main Issue of the Dispute dealt with the Southern border of Texas
- Mexico claimed border was the Nueces River
i. Had thousands of maps and Colonial Documents to back up their claim
- U.S. said border was the Rio Grande river based their claim on:
i. Texans were allowed to settle by the river when immigrating
ii. Santa Anna ordered his troops across the Rio Grande when retreating from Texas Revolution.
- At stake was thousands of square miles and most of present day New Mexico
- U.S. sent a peace commission to Mexico City to settle to try to settle the dispute
- Commission really wanted to purchase disputed land 5 million for New Mexico and
25 Million for California
- Intentions of U.S. were leaked to the Press
- Mexican President Herrera snubbed the peace commission because of public outrage.
|Find the disputed territory
- Main Mexican General of the North Mariano Paredes uses his army to overthrow President
- Puts himself in charge of Mexico.
- Showed the instability of the Mexican Government.
- Became an inviting picture for the expansionist U.S.
- 1846 Polk wrote in his diary “I do so desire war with Mexico”
- Same day report comes in the 16 Americans are killed in a skirmish with Mexican
Troops in disputed territory
- Gave U.S. reason to declare war on Mexico
Paredes is overthrown and replaced by the exiled Santa Anna who will lead Mexico against the U.S.
|Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna