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Friars U.S. History

Antietam and The Emancipation Proclamation

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Antietam

1.       September 1862 Confederate forces went on the offensive

a.       Most people in the British Government were ready to recognize the Confederacy as an independent nation.

b.      They were waiting to see if Lee could win a major victory on Union Soil

2.       Lee crossed into Maryland with 40,000 troops

a.       Union Forces lost track of the Confederate Army for four days

b.      Fortunately they came across a copy of Lee’s battle plans wrapped around a pack of cigars

c.       McClellan used this information to launch a counterattack at Antietam Creek Maryland

3.       Antietam became the single bloodiest day in U.S. Military history, with 25,000 combined casualties

4.       Gen. Lee retreated back across the Potomac into Virginia giving the Union army a strategic victory.

a.       McClellan was again relieved by Lincoln for allowing Lee to escape

b.      The victory nonetheless raised Northern morale and gave hope that Gen. Lee could be defeated.

c.       It also cost the South any hope of support from European Countries.

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The Battle of Antietam

Emancipation Proclamation

1.       The Union victory at Antietam gave President Lincoln the necessary political support to enact the Emancipation Proclamation

2.       The Emancipation Proclamation was a military order stating that at a certain date all slaves living in areas still rebelling against the United States would be free.

3.       The Emancipation only applied to Confederate States (States not under Union control). Northern States that allowed slavery would be allowed to keep them.

4.       The victory at Antietam gave Lincoln the win he needed to release the Proclamation.

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Signing the Emancipation

Today you will create a timeline on the history of Slavery in the United States. Your time line should include 25 major events or occurences that happened to slavery as well as any U.S. law that effected the issue of slavery. Your timeline should begin with the first slaves being brought over to Jamestown in 1619 through the thirteenth amendment prohibiting slavery.

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