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Friars U.S. History

The War of 1812

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I. War of 1812 was fought between the United States and Britian between 1812-1815 on land and sea, American Indians were also involved on the side of the British.

1. Why War?

A. France was at war with England

B. Americans remained neutral, continued to have trade relations with France.

a. Angered the British, impossed trade restrictions on Americans

C. Americans declared war June 1812, for the following reasons

1, Frustration over imposed trade restrictions

2. Outrage over American sailors being pressed into service in the Royal Navy

3. Alleged British military support of American Indians against U.S. settelers to the West.

2. Battle of Washington D.C.

A. U.S. Navy was no match for the Royal Navy, attacked at Cheasapeake Bay moved up toward Washington D.C.

B. Inexperienced U.S. Militia gaurding D.C. was destroyed in Battle of Bladesburg opening route to D.C.

C. Dolley Madison saved valuables from  White House, while President James Madison fleed to Virginia.

D. British Commanders ate supper which had been prepared for President Madison, before they burned the White House and numerous Gov't buildings.

E. Brought U.S. morale to an all time low

3. Fort McHenry

A. British marched up toward Baltimore.

B. Planned to coordinate with ground forces to attack American Fort.

C. Bombed for 25 hours straight.

D. All lights were extinquished in Baltimore the night of the attack.

E. The only light given off was from exploding shells over fort, which gave proof the U.S. flag was still flying over fort.

F. The Defense of the Fort inspired American lawyer Francis Scott Key to write poem that was eventually turned into the Star Spangled Banner.

4. Treaty of Ghent/Battle of New Orleans

A. Dec. 24 1814 diplomats from U.S. and Britian met in Ghent (present day belguim) signed peace treaty of Ghent.

B. Unaware Gen. Andrew Jackson moved U.S. forces to defend New Orleans

C. Jackson forces decisivley defeat British killing over 2000 and losing less than 100, victory made Jackson a national hero and would eventually propel him to the White House.

5. Results of the War of 1812

A. No land was gained or lost by either side and all land boundries went back to pre war status.

B. Never again would the Americans think it could always beat Britian

C. Never again would the British fail to treat the U.S. as a world power

E. The campaign was to be the last time the United States was directly attacked by another country until the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 during World War II.

Camp Verde High School